People process and Internet of Things

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"The new electronic interdependence recreates the world in the image of a global village"
- Marshall McLuhan.

Town square or global village because we all have been gathering discussing entertaining , 
communicating transacting and many more on the internet globally. 
We all are more connected now than our past history and its not stooping anytime sooner with the question of what's next ?
But it's far more satisfying to start with the basic concepts such as the Internet itself because Internet of things can be quoted as the brain child of The Internet.

The Internet

The purpose and the invention of information communication technologies or Internet
was to communicate and connect information across networks , and was a research project by ARPA. Internet gave us the ability to do Electronic mail.A typical email application gives the reader or sender of the application, to send and receive email independent of their geographic locations , the application uses TCP/IP as the protocol and connects the actors or participants and machines to connect and communicate information effectively and efficiently. Internet doesn't mean a single computer it's a huge combination of networks and computer's spread across the globe which work collectively for the purpose of achieving reliable communication across the globe which allows anyone virtually independent of geographic location to connect and communicate effectively.

TCP/IP

Transmission control protocol or Internet protocol are set of standards that allow information communication to happen and holds the key to Internet.
These protocols provide the fundamental layer's to our information that needs to be communicated like what type of message can be communicated in what format.
Information is communicated from host to host in the form of data packets.

TCP provides packets of messages delivered across networks from machine to machine.
Each machine that is connected to internet gets assigned an IP address which is globally recognized. Each packet of data or message gets its own parameters from TCP attached before being transmitted across networks like sequence number , the address of the sender and the address of the recipient.The message is carefully divided into small packets and gets transmitted or transmitted based on the acknowledgments received.

Each host on a internet is assigned a  unique 32 bit internet address that is used in all communication with the host.When host moves from one network to another , the respective ip address of the host changes.Each host gets a 32 bit universally acceptable id as an internet address , the purpose of ip address is therefore to ensure the connection to a network indicating both the network and the host can connect within the network.
Internet protocol was invented to establish the basic unit of data in ICT and also takes care when errors occur in a message or packet delivery.

IPV4 was an implementation for sharing information but it was not designed to scale with huge addresses where IPV6 makes it possible for a large space of addresses to be assigned for hosts on the internet.The difference between the two versions is that IPv4 identifies subnets and hosts using 32-bit addresses, while IPv6 uses 128-bit addresses. 

What is Internet of things ?



Internet of things can be described as a phenomenon where we extend the use of internet and make it accessible for our devices in order to achieve internet like features which include connectivity regardless of geography,and also to make smart decisions.
IOT refers to an ecosystem in which a large number of wireless network of uniquely identifiable objects which are connected via the Internet.

Also known as the Web of Things. IOT Technologies include sensors , cameras, routers ,actuators and physical objects connected through wired or wireless networks.
Internet of things is known to be the third wave in Information and communication technology after Internet and personal computers.

The progress of Internet of things which measures closely to TLR9 is still early as we still hear news about the testing of 5g technology in test.

According to analyst firm Gartner the 2020 total of IOT devices installed across the world will be more than previous figure ,setting the stage for 20.4 billion Internet of Things (IOT) devices to reality  be deployed by 2020.The requirements for accessing the game of IOT are to link a device to the Internet and the will to plug in. 

With the use of wireless technologies like 5G ,we will see Internet of things as the new normal ,and is expected to be having much more capacity than 4G because the 5G network architecture has a higher requirements in the aspects of access speed. Obviously if your day to day tasks include interacting with internet enabled devices and aren't running faster in expected manner you'd be disappointed totally. The question of whether we will see the Ministry of Magic or smart cities or brooms will soon take form with internet of things.
With internet of things we will be able to engineer intention into things and use them for our betterment or productive life.


Collision of disciplines.

We are standing at the brink of next big technology adoption at the scale more bigger than the internet itself with internet of things with numbers ranging 20 to 50 billion devices.Internet of things might work well with the cooperation between various disciplines like designers , architects , technology enthusiasts and people from all disciplines might love this subject which makes IOT technology more interactive and unique than all other fruits on the table.

One of the important topics i like is about EPCglobal an organization set up  worldwide for adoption and standardization of Electronic Product Code technology.
created by EPCglobal . The Electronic Product Code (EPC) is a universally unique identifier for any physical object anywhere in the world, for all time.

We might face new regulations come out which is normal due to the early stage of technology. Internet of things will be an attractive age for multidisciplinary subjects due to its very nature of vast subjects or ubiquitous property. Its just the beginning of radical improvement between physical and digital realities. We are already surfing the internet ,but in the future with ideas like sharing economy , it will be our belongings surfing the internet and helping us out when we need them. We might end up turning every physical object into virtual for the purpose of better life or more interactive life.

User Experience Matters.

In-order to build products that last companies must boldly revisit and redefine what user experience means and work backwards. Since the goal is not to exist but to exist with a meaningful experience.Because experience leads to the impact the product can create.
Successful experiences must engineer what success means to the end user.

Improve on Usability test. Usability tests will turn out to be best since usability test are specially good at catching design level issues, thereby acting as a gateway for quality improvement. The more interesting thing to do is to test in real-time with user interacting with the product measuring all the important attributes and feedback's from the user.
Being aware of the everyday environment would reliably increase the success rate of product developers.

Test Test Test

Software testing is a vast subject as far as the requirements are considered.
One of the wrong path tester's adapt is how they perceive software testing.You should never test a program to show that it works but rather we should start testing with the intent of finding errors. Continuous A/B testing might help get a grip on layout testing .



Evolution of Customer-concentric business models with Internet of things.

"Technology is Nothing.
What's important is that you a faith in people,
that they're basically good and smart ,
and if you give them tools,
they'll do wonderful things with them.

Internet of things can remove silo from all kinds of businesses ,thereby waving the path to faster service delivery by it's systems smaller or larger than our cell phones by enabling things to communicate and reach the consumer faster than ever.

The first principle of Human Interface design , whether for doorknob` or computer ,
is to keep in mind the human being who wants to use it as quoted by DON NORMAN.
Improving the way people do their task using computer is primary.

You got be Customer-concentric there's no way back especially with leaders in space such as Amazon which loves and sticks to such models keeping customers at the heart of their business .Products include wireless communication enabler's for devices or work-space productivity tools to do effective space utilization.

Bots ,Voice and face recognition will form the technology enabler's or the ladder to Internet of things in-order to stay close with consumers.
Bots form an easy to plug and play model which can do hassle free business rather than other forms of interaction.

Open Internet of things.

More diverse devices give rise to more applications or web services to quickly adapt to changing business demands Loosely coupled is a concept which has been followed since the dawn of Internet. The Why of loose coupling has to do with web services.

Web services are nothing but systems designed to deliver business agility while allowing you to link to your partner's these principles have been followed from the beginning of the Internet . Each Web Service should be designed to do one thing well without tightly integrated to other components for the purpose of maximum re-usability and interoperability.

The  standards for Internet connectivity from the beginning of the Internet are open and used in common by all Internet users and applications.

Open sourcing the technology to build intelligent machines or to process information in a more adaptive and scalable fashion we have to stretch things for example using IOT with cloud or building more community forming platforms which might well survive
the wave of IOT. With cloud we can transfer properties like on-demand access to objects or things.The data challenges like public and private data and the access to such forms of data raises many questions  ,Open sourcing the technology means anyone can create more flexible products.Anyone in the world will be able to connect ,and share information with things on demand . Test prototypes and deploy products.

About The Author-
Ritesh Thalla is a software engineer who loves to write about business.Interest - Space technologies, Business, Information technology.

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TechFond - Latest Technology | Analysis | Enterprise | Startups | Product Reviews | How Tos: People process and Internet of Things
People process and Internet of Things
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